THE FACTORS INVOLVED IN NICOTINE DISCOLORATION
Nicotine has an unpleasant smell, bitter taste, transparent liquid color, when in contact with air and light sources can easily change to dark red color due to oxidation. It is soluble in water and alcohol，when in contact with the nose and mouth it can be easily absorbed by the skin.
‘The Nicotine’ added into the e-liquid for vaping should be clear to light yellow and usually those which are not anymore recommended for vaping (e-cigarette) use are dark yellow or red in color.
Your nicotine color can affect the the final color of your E-liquids, since the Flavor concentrates you’ll use in mixing may come with their own distinct colors.
When the nicotine is exposed into certain temperature and light sources or not stored properly over a period of time, the color can progressively change to yellow then eventually to red color.
Nicotine as an alkaline solution will experience a change of color from clear to light yellow to red during the mixing process with other acidic substances. This phenomenon is normal and will not affect the quality of the e-liquids
After a long-term Test and Experiment conducted at HiLIQ FlavorLab, we found some of the reasons why nicotine color changes.
1. AIR: OXIDATION BY AIR CHANGES THE NICOTINE AND THE DEGREE OF CHANGES DEPENDS MOSTLY WITH ITS CONTACT TO IT.
The longer the exposure of the nicotine with air the higher degree of changes with the color we will obtain.
Test date: 2015.9.14-2015.12.1
Observation: On the picture we can see that bottle A in the left side is filled with air and the bottle B in the right side came sealed with no air. After 2 months experiment we can see clearly the difference that the bottle A is more yellowish than Bottle B. Pure Nicotine follows the same process too!
2.CHEMICAL REACTIONS WITH OTHER SUBSTANCES.
Nicotine as an alkaline solution will experience a change of color from clear to light yellow to red during the mixing process with other acidic substances.
Test date: 2015.9.14-2015.12.1
Observation: On the picture, we can see that bottle A contains nicotine diluted into VG and on the right side we can see it is diluted in PG. Both were kept in the same experimental environment for two months – We can see the color of the nicotine diluted into VG is more yellowish than the one diluted in PG. Therefore, VG reacts with nicotine more easily and accelerates its oxidation process faster. In this note, we highly recommend using PG when diluting nicotine and storing them properly.
3.TEMPERATURE: IT’S A KEY PLAYER IN NICOTINE DISCOLORATION, THE NICOTINE IS NOT HEAT RESISTANT, THUS, AT A HIGH TEMPERATURE, NICOTINE QUALITY CAN DEGRADE FASTER.
The nicotine has to be kept in an absolutely low temperature, especially in summer or tropical areas where the weather is usually hot!
Test date: 2015.9.23-2015.12.1
Observation: On the picture, bottle A have the diluted nicotine solution kept at a constant, normal room temperature while bottle was kept under 5℃ low temperature with the same conditions applied to other experiments. We can see that the color of the liquid on Bottle A is darker than bottle B, therefore, the right temperature to store your nicotine is very critical in Nicotine Discoloration.
4. STORAGE CONTAINERS: NICOTINE IS A STRONG SUBSTANCE. IT IS VERY CORROSIVE AND CAN EASILY CHANGE ITS CHEMICALS FORM WHEN IN CONTACT WITH VARIOUS SUBSTANCES THAT RESULT WITH CHANGING OF ITS MOLECULAR ASPECT OR COLOR, SO CHOOSING THE RIGHT CONTAINER IS VERY IMPORTANT.
we recommend that you store it in glass bottles as they don’t interact chemically with organic substances, or processed fluorine containers.
Test date: 2015.9.23-2015.12.1
Observation: On the picture, we can see three different types of bottles kept for 2 months and we can see vivid results. The brown glass bottle on the left rejects lighting and is perfect for long time storage, the middle is general transparent glass bottle suitable for observing the color changes but need to be stored in dark place to avoid contact with light sources, on the right side we have a PE plastic bottle that is made from organic materials , if nicotine is stored in it for long time will have some reactions and is definitely not fit to store nicotine.
5.TIME: IT HAS DEFINITELY AN IMPACT ON THE NICOTINE DISCOLORATION AS ANYTHING HAS A WARRANTY PERIOD ESPECIALLY IF USED OVER TIME.
The longer you keep it the more likely it will change color.
In the precedent picture, we can see some samples of nicotine that we saved during the production period over the year under experimental conditions and we can see a clear changes on the color. Therefore, storing nicotine for a long time is not a good idea and we highly recommend to use the nicotine as fresh as possible to ensure the quality and the safety of the product.
Update on this list will come in weekly. Sharing is Caring! Inform the newbies and refresh the memory of the pros!
To many of us who actually use and Vape religiously, Vaping is just more than an occasional leisure. It is one of the hobbies we’ll subsequently pay more and more attention, time, money and enthusiasm.
As the Vaping industry progresses and evolves along the way especially with the development of electronic cigarettes and liquids, we become more engage and hands-on with them to such point of collecting new hardware and doing our own juices.
All these could be very demanding and expensive. It may all worth it but there’s another option where we could find enjoyment and fulfillment while saving a lot of money. D-I-Ying your own hardware and e-liquids is the answer to reduce your Vaping costs.
Let’s get on work and see how DIYing works! Let’s start with doing your own E-liquids.
Usually, DIY E-liquid Kit includes the following materials:
1*100ml USP VG,
1*100ml USP PG,
1*100ml 10%Nic90%PG diluted e-liquid
1 to 3 bottles different flavor with 10ml each
1*100ml PE Empty Bottle with Measurement
1 piece of Disposable Sterilized Mask
1 pair of Disposable Gloves
6 pieces of 3ML E-Liquid Drippers
6 pieces of 30ML E-Liquid Storage Bottles
These materials are good to go in order to create an e-liquid perfectly tailored to your taste. Just a simple note to remember: While DIYing E-liquids can be fulfilling, it could also be dangerous. Ample research and knowledge-gathering is a must.
So, how many E-liquids in quantity we can get from these materials? Let’s figure out!
Say, we’ll be doing 50ml with 50%VG 50%PG, 0.6% (6mg) nicotine and 10% (Medium Strength) flavor.
First we need to remember the mixing order:
Then, we should have our formulas and professional DIY Calculator:
Flavor Concentrate Formula
First focus: put your flavor concentrate. Depends on your desired Flavor intensity, you may want to start with 10% as the recommended flavor percent.
Second Focus: Dilute Nicotine 100mg/ml Base to make it 6mg/ml for your 50ML E-liquid Target.
A. The Nicotine 10% (100mg/ml) in PG base is from 10ML 99.9 Pure Nicotine (999mg/ml) diluted to PG USP Liquid base.
B. To make 6mg/ml nicotine density E-liquid, you need to put 0.3ML Pure Nicotine to your bottle.
E-Liquid Base Formula
VG / PG = ( 50ml – 5ml – 3ml ) ÷ 2 = 21ml
To sum it up, one set of a usual DIY E-liquid kit will give you at least 4 bottles 50ML freshly- mixed-by-you E-liquid or a total of 200ML just in the cost of $38.90. Comparing it to the ones you often buy in your retail B&M or online shop with at least $10.00 price per 10ML, you will be saving $161 for the 200ML combined cost alone.
This means you are just getting $0.19 per ML when you do your own E-liquids unlike when you buy the expensive pre-mixed ones with around $1.00 per ML.
Breaking it down to yearly savings, you can be able to save $511 a year supposing you only use a moderate 2ML per day (1ml = 120puffs). $511 is not bad for bank savings or for donation to lung cancer foundations, right?
Not only you were able to save but you were able to achieve freedom on putting your own preferred ratio of E-liquid base, density of your nicotine and strength of your flavors.
There you go! Have a wonderful DIY journey ahead!
As a Vaper you probably heard the word “NICOTINE” as much as E-liquid or E-juice or E-cigarettes, — and all its accompanied pros and cons. But what is it really?
Let’s make an introduction to nicotine:
A family rich in alkaloids. About 5 percent (by weight) of the tobacco plant is nicotine (C10H14N2),
A naturally occurring liquid alkaloid. An alkaloid is an organic compound made out of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and sometimes oxygen and it can have potent effects on the human body. The morning cup of coffee you enjoy, for instance, contains another type of alkaloid: caffeine. Cigarettes typically contain about 10 milligrams of nicotine (sometimes up to 20 milligrams, depending on the brand); when you smoke a cigarette, about 1 to 2 milligrams get absorbed by your body.
Meanwhile, in Electronic Cigarettes, the e-liquid where you get your refill to Vape can contain 3 milligrams of nicotine up to 36 milligrams (depends on personal usage). The regular nicotine content is at 12milligrams to 18 milligrams and based on the study conducted Ecigarette Research Advocates Group, the results showed that nicotine absorption from e-cigarettes was significantly lower compared to tobacco cigarettes.
Little bit of history:
Nicotine was isolated from tobacco leaves (Nicotiana tabacum) in 1828, but the powerful effects of nicotine were already well recognized. The tobacco plant is native to America and its use as a medicine and stimulant goes back at least 2000 years and most likely many millennia before that and It was not until 1994 that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration officially determined that nicotine was a dependency-producing drug. The U.S. Supreme Court subsequently ruled that the FDA could not regulate nicotine as a drug.
However, all this attention did encourage legal action that resulted in the tobacco companies paying billions of dollars to cover health care costs of tobacco-related diseases. On June 22, 2009, President Obama signed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, landmark legislation that gives the U.S. Food and Drug Administration authority to regulate the manufacturing and marketing of tobacco. While tobacco consumption is declining in North America and parts of Europe, it continues to increase in many parts of the world. For instance Developing countries in general and China in particular but that’s another story.
Before electronic cigarettes rises in the year 2005 Nicotine is already well known among scientist and agricultural professionals because of its use as an insecticide. One reason for the rapidly growing market that developed for nicotine products was that entomologists and veterinarians who joined agricultural pest-control agencies relied more and more on the products in the fight against increasing infestations. They suggested that the sources of tobacco then available be improved. Tobacco solutions that once were poured away after having served their purpose in tobacco factories were reclaimed and sold for insect control. The effective control of sheep mites and ticks with nicotine dips created a large market for nicotine products. Outbreaks of the parasites during the 1890’s brought about federal regulations in the United States and made sheep dipping mandatory for interstate shipments. Important markets for nicotine had also been developed in other sheep growing areas. The chemist and chemical engineer were brought into the tobacco business in order to manufacture concentrated products more efficiently. The expanding demand for nicotine caused the development of methods for recovering the alkaloid from tobacco extracts. The alkaloid was removed in whole or in part from such extracts, which thereby improved in quality because nicotine was neither desirable nor required in flavoring extracts. Continued progress was made in purifying and concentrating the insecticide product.
Before 1880 tobacco flavoring sauces and home-made tobacco extracts were in general use. In 1881 extracts carrying 2 to 3 percent nicotine were offered. The alkaloid content was increased to 6 and 10 percent by 1885. A 40-percent solution of free alkaloid appeared in 1895: an 80-percent solution, primarily for greenhouse use, was put out in 1898. Nicotine sulfate appeared in 1900, first with 10 percent alkaloid and later with 40 percent. It has since become the standard nicotine solution of the agricultural trade. Nicotine tannate appeared in 1929 as the first fixed nicotine compound. It was followed in 1933 by nicotine bentonite. The alkaloid of 99.9 percent purity was offered for commercial use in 1940.
Some expert says if it weren’t for nicotine, people wouldn’t smoke tobacco. Why? Because of the more than 4,000 chemicals contained in the tobacco smoke, nicotine is the primary one that acts on the brain, altering people’s moods, appetites, and alertness in ways they find pleasant and beneficial. As the noted tobacco researcher M.A.H. Russell once wrote:
“There is little doubt that if it were not for the nicotine in tobacco smoke, people would be little more inclined to smoke than they are to blow bubbles or to light sparklers.”
Unfortunately, as it is widely known, nicotine has a dark side: It is highly addictive. Once smokers become hooked on it, they must get their fix of it regularly, sometimes several dozen times a day. Cigarette smoke contains 43 known carcinogens, which means that long-term smoking can amount to a death sentence. In the CHINA alone, more than 2 millions Chinese die every year from tobacco-related illnesses.
Nicotine may give the users certain satisfaction they need and feed the cravings, however it is important to remember that what is in excess brings harm. As per the use of nicotine in E-liquid, we always suggest to our end users to choose the lowest concentration of nicotine possible to be able to enjoy the flavors to the fullest. web analysis The same applies in DIY-ing E-liquids; it is a must not to sacrifice the flavors for a higher nicotine level. Smart nicotine use is the answer for an enjoyable and Fruitful Vape Journey.
We’ve gathered 5 of the most interesting and fully-loaded info-graphics that are buzzing the online mainstream. These are made to present fun facts and benefits of Vaping in contrast with Traditional Smoking.
Let’s see and learn from these materials. They’re just worth the share!
1. Talking about Effects on Health using Cigarette VS. web speed E-Cigarette.
2. Showing the far difference of Smoking to Vaping in terms of Chemical Composition.
3. Presenting a full round-up of the Electronic Cigarette advantages as compared to Traditional Cigarettes.
4. Just getting all the real benefits from Vaping not just for yourself but for others.
5. Expect real good results over a bounded timeline when you finally stopped smoking then switched to Vaping.
There are many ways on how we can present the real score and advantages of using Electronic Cigarettes than Traditional Cigarettes . These info-graphic are just few of the materials which can present that the Vaping benefits are real, large-scale and attainable.
Photos used are not owned by HiLIQ. These are found online. Credit to all owners of the photos.